Haryana GK General Knowledge @ Complete Notes

 Haryana GK General Knowledge @ Complete Notes

Haryana GK General Knowledge @ Complete Notes

Haryana GK :- State Symbols

  • State Tree : Peepal A native tree of India ‘Peepal’ (Sacred Fig), has been declared state tree of Haryana. It is also known as bodhi tree, pippala tree and ashwattha tree. This tree is considered to have a religious significance in three major religions i.e. Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. All parts of the Peepal tree, including root, bark, leaf and fruit are useful. Its scientific name is Ficus religiosa.
  • State Flower : Lotus The Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) or the Water Lily is an aquatic plant with broad floating green leaves and bright fragrant flowers that grow only in shallow water. The roots of lotus are planted in the soil of the pond or river bottom, while the leaves float on top of the water surface are held well above it. The flowers are usually found on thick stems rising several centimeters above the leaves. On the basis of colour, it has two types, i.e. red lotus and white lotus.
  • State Animal : Blackbuck Blackbuck, also known as Antelope, is mainly found in India, but with other small population in Pakistan and Nepal also. The Blackbuck has ringed horns that have a moderate spiral twist of three to four turns. The white fur on the chin and around the eyes is in sharp contrast with the black stripes on the face. The upper parts and outsides of the legs are dark brown to black, the underparts and the insides of the legs are all white.
  • State Bird : Black Francolin Black Francolin, sometimes known as Black Partridge, is a widespread breeding resident in most of the North and Central India. It is called Kala Teetar in Hindi, this handsome stub-tailed bird is found near cultivation and scrub, bordering wetlands. The head of the black francolin is curved with brown iris eyes colour and unique pattern of brown colour crown and the throat colour is black. The primary colour is black with black breast rufous belly, white spots on flanks and golden brown spots at the back of body.
  • State Sport : Wrestling Wrestling has been declared as a state sport by the Haryana Government. It is a kind of dual war, which is fought only by physical force without the help of any weapon. It is mentioned in the Puranas as ‘Malla Krida’.

Geographical Landscape of Haryana:- Haryana GK

  • Geographical Location :-North-West part of India
  •  Latitudinal Extent :-27° 39' N to 30° 55' N 
  • Longitudinal Extent -74° 27'E to 77° 36' E 
  • Area 44,212 sq km (1.34% of total geographical area of India)
  •  State Boundaries Himachal Pradesh in the North-East, Rajasthan in the South-West, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Uttarakhand in the East and Punjab, Chandigarh in the North-West 
  • Northernmost District Panchkula 
  •  Southernmost District Mewat 
  • Important Rivers Yamuna, Ghaggar, Saraswati, Sahibi, Indori and Markanda

Demography (Census 2011):-Haryana GK

  • Total Population :-2,53,51,462 
  • Male Population:- 1,34,94,734 
  • Female Population:- 1,18,56,728
  • Urban Population 88,42,103 
  • Percentage of Urban to Total Population 34.88% 
  • Rural Population 1,65,09,359 
  • Percentage of Rural to Total Population 65.12%
  •  Population Density 573 person per sq. km 
  • Sex Ratio 879 
  • Decadal Growth Rate of Population 17.64%
  •  Total Literacy Rate 75.60% 
  •  Male Literacy 84.10% 
  •  Female Literacy 65.90% 
  • Scheduled Caste (SC) Population 20.17%

Administrative Structure of Haryana :- Haryana GK 

  • Established on 1st November, 1966 
  • Meaning of the State’s Name Abode of God (Hari) 
  • Capital Chandigarh 
  • Division 6 
  • Districts 22
  • Lok Sabha Constituencies 10 
  • Rajya Sabha Constituencies 5 
  • Vidhan Sabha Constituencies 90+1 
  • High Court Punjab and Haryana High Court (Chandigarh)

Naming of Some Famous Districts of Haryana:- Haryana GK

          District                  Derived Name From
  •  Fatehabad             After the name of son of Firoz Shah Tughlaq, Fateh Khan 
  • Rewari                   After the name of the daughter of King Rewat named Rewati 
  • Charkhi Dadri        After the name of the lake named Dadar 
  • Mahendragarh        After the name of the king of Patiala named Raja Mahendra Singh 
  • Gurugram               After the name of Guru Dronacharya 
  • Jind                         After the name of Temple of Jainti Devi 
  • Karnal                       After the name of Karna, the major character of Hindu Epic Mahabharata 
  • Kurukshetra              After the name of King Kuru, ancestor of Kauravas
  •  Yamunanagar           Due to having location on the banks of Yamuna river 
  • Sirsa                          After the name of Shashwat saint, Shirishvana 
  • Kaithal                      After the name of the birth place of Hanuman ji 
  • Mewat                       Due to having abundance of Meo caste 
  • Jhajjar                        After the name of Chhajju farmer 
  • Hisar                         After the name of four forts 
  • Panchkula                  Due to having five wells
  •  Ambala                        After the name of Goddess Bhawani Ambalika 
  • Palwal                           After the name of Palawasur, a demon 
  • Faridabad                      After the name of Sheikh Farid
  •  Rohtak                           After the name of the son of Queen Taravati named Rohitas 
  • Sonipat                           After the name of Shravan Kumar 
  • Panipat                        After the name of Panini Rishi

Haryana Gk Topic Wise

Title Link
Nicknames of Geographical Areas of Haryana Click Here
First Facts Related to Haryana In English Click Here
Largest, Highest and Biggest of Haryana In English Click Here
Minimum/Smallest of Haryana In English Click Here
Famous Personalities of Haryana and their Pen-Name Click Here
Various Organisations of Haryana In English Click Here

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